The Project Appraisal and Management Division (PAMD) undertakes the appraisal of public-funded projects and schemes costing Rs 500 crore and above in consultation with the subject divisions of NITI Aayog. This is done before they are considered for recommendation/decision by the Public Investment Board or Expenditure Finance Committee (depending on the nature of the project and its cost).
PAMD appraises proposals of the Ministry of Railways costing Rs 500 crore and above, to be considered by the Expanded Board of Railways (EBR). PAMD also appraises Revised Cost Estimate (RCE) proposals to analyze the factors attributed to cost and time overruns and their impact on viability.
- Core Functions
NITI Aayog through its appraisal memorandums has been instrumental in suggesting and bringing about systemic improvements aimed at the efficacy of public sector schemes and spending in terms of delivery and outcomes. This Division has been accordingly assigned to discharge the following functions:
Prescribe guidelines and develop formats for the submission of proposals for projects and programmes for techno-economic appraisal;
Undertake research studies to improve the methodology and procedure for appraisal of projects and programmes;
Undertake techno-economic appraisal of major projects and programmes in the public sectors; and
Assist Central Ministries to establish proper procedures for the preparation of reports of projects and programmes.
- Who's Who
Name Designation Email ID Anurag Goyal Senior Adviser firstname.lastname@example.org Devendra Dhagarra Deputy Adviser email@example.com R.C. Meena Deputy Adviser Rcmeenafirstname.lastname@example.org Chandrashekhar Jain Consultant email@example.com Arpana Bhatt Consultant Arpana.firstname.lastname@example.org Amrit Pal Kaur Specialist Amrit.email@example.com Jyoti Khattar Senior Research Officer Jyoti.firstname.lastname@example.org Rajendra Singh Economic Officer Rajendra.email@example.com Anusha Shekar Associate firstname.lastname@example.org Debabrata Mishra Young Professional email@example.com Akshita Bindal Young Professional Akshita.firstname.lastname@example.org
PAMD actively engages with various Departments, State Governments, and statutory bodies.
- Line Ministries
Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance
All Central Ministries and Departments
During FY 2020–21, appraisal of 196 schemes/programmes contained in the EFC/PIB/EBR proposals and involving an outlay of Rs 41,40,349 crore was undertaken. The sectoral distribution of projects appraised from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021 is set out in the table below:
SECTORS No. Cost (Rs Cr) AGRICULTURE Agriculture and Allied Sectors 12 564524 ENERGY Power 10 647288 Coal 3 17343 Petroleum and Natural Gas New and Renewable Energy 3 19894 TRANSPORT Railways 4 3744 Surface Transport 6 32263 Civil Aviation 4 2233 Shipping 1 1624 INDUSTRY Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises 1 57048 Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 2 29423 Steel and Mines 2 6562 Petrochemicals and Fertilisers 6 435330 Textiles 4 45270 Food Processing Industries 4 37224 Commerce and Industry 13 125244 SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY Biotechnology Science and Technology 4 10190 Scientific and Industrial Research Ocean Development Earth Sciences SOCIAL SERVICES Education/HRD 8 434846 Culture 1 10 Youth Affairs and Sports 5 16335 Health and Family Welfare 15 232370 Women and Child Development 1 205750 Labour and Employment 2 23514 Social Justice and Empowerment 13 110942 Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation 4 106424 Rural Development 5 373892 Minority Affairs Tribal Affairs 12 116849 Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Food and Public Distribution COMMUNICATION Information and Broadcasting Post Electronics and Information Technology 1 7350 Communication OTHERS Home Affairs 14 182902 Tourism Environment and Forests 6 14058 Law and Justice 3 19059 Water Resources 4 47346 North Eastern Region (DONER) 3 39616 Consumer Affairs 3
Finance/Corporate Affairs 5 77227 Planning Commission/NITI Aayog
External Affairs Statistics and Program Implementation Parliamentary Affairs Panchayati Raj
Housing and Urban Affairs
Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Personnel, Public Grievances and pensions
Production-Linked Incentive Scheme
NITI Aayog assisted in designing and formulating the contours of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for active pharmaceutical ingredients, high-efficiency solar PV modules, medical devices and mobile manufacturing sectors, among others.
National Program and Project Management Policy Framework
NITI Aayog had constituted a task force on project and program management, with the objective of laying down a plan of action advocating short- and long-term strategies for improving project and program management practices and aligning them with global best practices. The task force made several suggestions. It underlined efforts at the planning stage and recommended augmenting organisational skillsets, improving stakeholder management, leveraging technology, tools and techniques, the need for more efficiency and transparency in procurement, establishing robust project governance, and the need to develop a national policy framework.
Consequently, the ‘National Program and Project Management Policy Framework’ (NPMPF), envisaged to bring about radical reforms in the way infrastructure projects are executed in India, was launched on 28 October 2020. Hon’ble Union Ministers Shri Nitin Gadkari and Shri Piyush Goyal released the Indian Infrastructure Body of Knowledge, a book on the practice of program and project management in India.
Indian Public Procurement Reforms (Alternatives to ‘L1’)
NITI Aayog is working on reforms in public procurement. Currently, significant government expenditure is made towards public procurement of goods, works and services. There is a long-standing need for reviewing the efficacy of the existing methodology of bidder selection, through the Least Cost Selection (or ‘L1’) method. For high-impact projects and state-of-the-art equipment involving a high level of customisations, specialisation and cutting-edge technology, the L1 method often results in sub-optimal delivery, non-performances, higher life cycle cost, delays and arbitrations.
Based on detailed deliberations with various stakeholders, NITI Aayog has come up with a bouquet of options of alternative procurement strategies, which can be considered for inclusion in the General Financial Rules (GFR) 2017. This will enable public procurement authorities and agencies to select the appropriate method depending on project-specific requirements in a transparent manner and after exercising due diligence. It is under deliberation with the Ministry of Finance, CVC and CAG.
Project Appraisal and Management Division