NITI Aayog has been constituted to actualize the important goal of cooperative federalism and enable good governance in India.
Two key features of cooperative federalism are (1) a joint focus on the National Development Agenda by the Centre and States and (2) advocacy of concerns and issues of States and Union Territories with Central Ministries.
NITI Aayog has also established models and programmes for the development of infrastructure and to reignite and establish public-private partnership, such as the Development Support Services to States and Union Territories, and the Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital programme.
Further, with the aim of correcting regional developmental imbalance, NITI Aayog has taken special steps for areas requiring special attention and support, such as those in the NorthEast, Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands, and the Himalayas. NITI Aayog has constituted special forums to identify these areas’ specific constraints and formulate special policies to ensure sustainable development while protecting the abundant natural resources in these regions.