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Project Appraisal & Management Division


The Project Appraisal and Management Division (PAMD) undertakes the appraisal of public-funded projects and schemes costing Rs 500 crore and above in consultation with the subject Divisions of NITI Aayog before they are considered for recommendation/decision by the Public Investment Board or Expenditure Finance Committee (depending on the nature of the project and its cost).


The PAMD also appraises proposals of the Ministry of Railways costing Rs 500 crore and above, to be considered by the Expanded Board of Railways (EBR). PAMD also appraises Revised Cost Estimate (RCE) proposals to analyse the factors attributed to cost and time overruns and their impact on viability.


Core Functions

NITI Aayog through its appraisal memorandums has been instrumental in suggesting and bringing about systemic improvements aimed at efficacy of public sector schemes and spending in terms of delivery and outcomes. This Division has been accordingly assigned to discharge the following functions:

  • Prescribe guidelines and develop formats for the submission of proposals for projects and programmes for techno-economic appraisal;
  • Undertake research studies to improve the methodology and procedure for appraisal of projects and programmes;
  • Undertake techno-economic appraisal of major projects and programmes in the public sectors; and
  • Assist Central Ministries in establishing proper procedures for the preparation of reports of projects and programmes.


Who’s Who

Sl.No Name Designation Email
1 Mr Ch. P. Sarathi Reddy Adviser
2 Mr Devendra Dhagarra Deputy Adviser
3 Mr Amit Bhardwaj Deputy Adviser  
4 Mr R.C. Meena Deputy Adviser
5 Mr Chandrashekhar Jain Consultant
6 Ms Arpana Bhatt Consultant
6 Dr Amrit Pal Kaur Specialist
7 Mr Rajendra Singh Economic Officer
8 Ms Anusha Associate  
9 Ms Akshita Bindal Young Professional



PAMD actively engages with various Departments, State Governments, and statutory bodies.


Line Ministries

  • Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance
  • All Central Ministries and Departments



During FY 2020–21, appraisal of 196 schemes/programmes contained in the EFC/PIB/EBR proposals and involving an outlay of Rs 41,40,349 crore was undertaken. The sectoral distribution of projects appraised from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021 is set out in the table below:

Sl.No SECTORS Nos. Cost (Rs cr.)
1 Agriculture and Allied Sectors 12 564524
2 Power 10 647288
3 Coal 3 17343
4 Petroleum and Natural Gas    
5 New and Renewable Energy 3 19894
6 Railways 4 3744


Surface Transport 6 32263
8 Civil Aviation 4 2233
9 Shipping 1 1624
10 Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises 1 57048
11 Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 2 29423
12 Steel and Mines 2 6562
13 Petrochemicals and Fertilisers 6 435330
14 Textiles 4 45270
15 Food Processing Industries 4 37224
16 Commerce and Industry 13 125244
17 Biotechnology    
18 Science and Technology 4 10190
19 Scientific and Industrial Research    
20 Ocean Development    
21 Earth Sciences    
22 Education/HRD 8 434846
23 Culture 1 10
24 Youth Affairs and Sports 5 16335
25 Health and Family Welfare 15 232370
26 Women and Child Development 1 205750
27 Labour and Employment 2 23514
28 Social Justice and Empowerment 13 110942
29 Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation 4 106424
30 Rural Development 5 373892
31 Minority Affairs    
32 Tribal Affairs 12 116849
33 Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation    
34 Food and Public Distribution    
35 Information and Broadcasting    
36 Post    
37 Electronics and Information Technology 1 7350
38 Communication    
39 Home Affairs 14 182902
40 Tourism    
41 Environment and Forests 6 14058
42 Law and Justice 3 19059
43 Water Resources 4 47346


North Eastern Region (DONER) 3 39616
45 Consumer Affairs 3 18892


46 Finance/Corporate Affairs 5 77227


Planning Commission/NITI Aayog








External Affairs








Statistics and Program Implementation








Parliamentary Affairs








Panchayati Raj








Housing and Urban Affairs








Skill Development and Entrepreneurship








Personnel, Public Grievances and pensions













Major Projects

Production-Linked Incentive Scheme

NITI Aayog assisted in designing and formulating the contours of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for active pharmaceutical ingredients, high-efficiency solar PV modules, medical devices and mobile manufacturing sectors, among others.


National Program and Project Management Policy Framework

NITI Aayog had constituted a task force on project and program management, with the objective of laying down a plan of action advocating short- and long-term strategies for improving project and program management practices and aligning them with global best practices. The task force made several suggestions. It underlined efforts at the pre-planning stage and recommended augmenting organizational skillsets, improving stakeholder management, leveraging technology, tools and techniques, the need for more efficiency and transparency in procurement, establishing robust project governance and the need to develop a national policy framework.


Consequently, the ‘National Program and Project Management Policy Framework’ (NPMPF), envisaged to bring about radical reforms in the way infrastructure projects are executed in India, was launched on 28 October 2020. Hon’ble Union Ministers Shri Nitin Gadkari and Shri Piyush Goyal released the Indian Infrastructure Body of Knowledge, a book on the practice of program and project management in India.

Indian Public Procurement Reforms (Alternatives to ‘L1’)

NITI Aayog is working on reforms in public procurement. Currently, a significant government expenditure is made towards public procurement of goods, works and services. There is a long-standing need for reviewing the efficacy of the existing methodology of bidder selection, through the Least Cost Selection (or ‘L1’) method. For high impact projects and state-of-the-art equipment involving a high level of customisations, specialisation and cutting-edge technology, the L1 method often results in sub-optimal delivery, non-performances, higher life cycle cost, delays and arbitrations.


Based on detailed deliberations with various stakeholders, NITI Aayog has come up with a bouquet of options of alternative procurement strategies, which can be considered for inclusion in the General Financial Rules (GFR) 2017—this will enable public procurement authorities and agencies to select the appropriate method depending on project-specific requirements in a transparent manner and after exercising due diligence. The same is under deliberation with the Ministry of Finance, CVC and CAG.