NITI Aayog endeavours to promote competitive federalism by facilitating improved performance of States/UTs. It encourages healthy competition among states through transparent rankings, in various sectors, along with a hand-holding approach. Some of the indices launched by NITI Aayog are School Education Quality Index, State Health Index, Composite Water Management Index, Sustainable Development Goals Index, India Innovation Index and Export Competitiveness Index. NITI Aayog also releases delta rankings for the performance of Aspirational Districts every month.
The ranking of States in various social sectors based on quantitative objective criteria encourages them, and even districts, to improve their performance. NITI Aayog works closely with all stakeholders, including the State/UT Governments, concerned Ministries/Departments in developing indicator frameworks, review mechanisms and capacity-building.