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Natural Resources & Environment
Natural Resources and Environment, and Island Development

The broader vision of the Vertical is to be involved in the formulation of appropriate strategies and polices for the sustainable management of forests; protection of wildlife and habitats; maintenance of a clean, green, and healthy environment; mitigation of climate change; and holistic development of islands in the country. The Vertical seeks to improve the policy framework through effective consultation with all stakeholders, including the academia, think tanks and Centre, UT and State Governments.

The Environment and Forests Division provides relevant strategic and technical advice across key elements of policymaking and disseminates best practices to protect our environmental resources—water, land, and forests. The Vertical intervenes to resolve inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues between Central/States/UTs/other stakeholders to ensure smooth implementation of projects for national development.

The holistic development of islands has been accorded high priority by the Government of India and NITI Aayog has been mandated to steer the process. Some islands have been identified in consultation with the UT Administrations, the concerned Central Ministries/Departments and other stakeholders for sustainable development.

The Island Development Division makes concerted efforts to provide satisfactory jobs and opportunities for self-employment, affordable state-of-the-art facilities for healthcare, access to high quality education, and adequate air, sea, and internet connectivity to islanders. To formulate the best strategies to meet these high and multi-dimensional expectations, the Vertical constitutes committees and conducts studies to address issues and constraints in the holistic development of the identified islands.

Core Functions

Policy Analysis and Formulation

The Vertical regularly reviews and analyzes the strategies and policies applied in the relevant sectors and provides directional inputs. The Vertical also takes the lead in formulating new policies in accordance with the changing needs of the nation and keeping in mind the increasing stress on resources.

Project Analysis and Evaluation

  • Examination of various project proposals for the consideration of SFC/EFC.

  • Examination of external aided projects and furnishing technical comments and recommendations for financial support.

  • Examination of Cabinet Notes for CCEA approval.

  • Examination of feasibility reports, master plans and research study reports on the holistic development of identified islands.

  • Preparation of feasibility reports and master plans for island development.

  • Preparation of Request for Qualification-cum-Request for Proposal document for engagement of consultants for preparation of feasibility reports and master plans for development.

  • Evaluation of technical and financial bids for engaging consultants.

  • Coordination with relevant Ministries/Departments/States/UTs/stakeholders and consultants for development.

Line Ministries/Relevant Stakeholders
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change

  • Ministry of Home Affairs

  • Ministry of Defence

  • States and Union Territories



  • Action Plan for Biomass Management

  • Action Plan for Clean Fuel

  • Action Plan for Clean Industry

  • Action Plan for Clean Transport

Research Studies 

  • Coal Mining, Displacement and Rural Livelihoods: A Study in Mahanadi Coal Field, Odisha, conducted by the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela.

  • Socio-Economic Impact Study of Mining and Mining Policies on Livelihoods of Local Population in Vindhyan Region of Uttar Pradesh, conducted by the Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation, Allahabad.



  1. Engaged in 7 model eco-tourism projects in Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands.

  2. Sustainable development of islands in Andaman and Nicobar and the preparation of feasibility report for the development of another 11 islands.

  3. Sustainable development of islands in Lakshadweep and the preparation of feasibility report for the development of 5 other islands.

  4. Research Study on ‘Land Use/Land Cover Mapping on a Large Scale Using Very High-Resolution Satellite Data for Development Planning with Emphasis on Forest Conservation’ in Andaman and Nicobar Islands by the Forest Survey of India.

  5. Study on availability of water resources in Andaman and Nicobar.

  6. Study on reclamation of land in Andaman and Nicobar.

The following studies are in progress or are being monitored:

  1. Enumeration and Valuation of the Economic Impact of Female Labour (Assam University and Rajiv Gandhi University).

  2. Agroecology in Himalayan States, with Special Emphasis on Marketing (GB Pant University).

  3. Development of Eco-Friendly and Cost-Effective Tourism in Hills (Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University).

  4. Opportunities of Livelihood to Check Migration from Hills (Sikkim University).

  5. Water Conservation and Harvesting Strategies (Panjab University and Central University of Jammu).

  6. Strategy Paper on Rationalizing the Water Act, 1974, and Air Act, 1981, with the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

  7. Paper on Rationalising Environmental Clearance Procedures for Industrial Estates.

  8. Policy Note on Behavioral Change for Strengthening Segregation at Source at Institutional and Household Levels.


  1. Micro-Pilot Study of Forest Cover in Selected Areas of Aravalli Hills

  2. Mapping of Jhum Cultivation in North-Eastern States

  3. Vision Document for Agroecology and Marketing in Indian Himalayan Region

Who's Who
Name Designation Email ID
Sh. Avinash Mishra Adviser amishra-pc[at]nic[dot]in
Sh. L. Gopinath Senior Research Officer gopinath[dot]lagudu[at]nic[dot]in
Ms. Madhubanti Dutta Young Professional dutta[dot]madhubanti[at]gov[dot]in
Mayank Gupta Young Professional mayank[dot]gupta11[at]govcontractor[dot]in
Ms. Shikha Anand Young Professional shikha[dot]anand[at]govcontractor[dot]in
Dr. Snigdha Goel Young Professional snigdha[dot]goel[at]govcontractor[dot]in