Submitted by on 18 February 2023
Dr Arvind Virmani

Dr. Arvind Virmani

Member, NITI Aayog

Dr. Arvind Virmani is a Member of NITI Aayog. He specialises in policy & institutional reforms for sustained, fast inclusive economic growth.

He is a macro economist who has bridged the gap between academics, think tanks and policy makers, through research based policy advice and policy oriented research. He played a prominent, professional and advisory role in the economic reforms of the 1990s and 2000s, such as Tax, Tariff, Foreign Exchange, Financial Sector & Expenditure Policy reforms.

He was the founder Chairman of the “Foundation for Economic Growth and Welfare” (EGROW) and President of the Forum for Strategic Initiatives (FSI, Delhi) and has earlier served as Executive Director, IMF, Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance and Principal Advisor, Planning Commission.

He was Director & Chief Executive of ICRIER and has published over 60 Journal Articles, Books & Chapters, and more than 100 Working and Policy Papers in Macroeconomics, Growth, Tax & Tariff Reform, Foreign Exchange, International Relations and National Security Strategy.

He was a member of the TRAI, a mentor (Public Policy & Economics) to FICCI, and Member of Technical Advisory Committee on Monetary Policy, RBI.

His experience in Finance Sector includes: Chairman, Board of Trustees of SBI Mutual Fund, Director LIC, Member of SEBI Appellate Tribunal and Depositories Act, Member Board of Trustee at UTI and Director in PNB, Allahabad Bank and EXIM Bank.

His Think Tank experience includes: Member, Board of Governors in CPR & RIS, Non-resident Sr. Fellow in Brooking Institution, USA, Affiliate Professor & Distinguished Sr. Fellow in George Mason University, USA.


Contribution to India’s Policy reform includes

Customs Tariff reform: Strategy, timing and phasing of tariff from a peak of 300% in 1990 to 10% in 2002.

Income Tax Reform: Simplification of Personal income tax rate to a three slab system with the highest slab of 30% and fewer exemptions.

Corporate Tax Reform: Simplification & reduction of maximum rate.

Indirect tax: Move of Central Excise Tax System to a Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT), and initiation of the construction of a National VAT, later christened GST.

Trade reform: Design & phasing of Trade liberalization strategy from perspective of Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs, Department of Revenue).

Trade liberalization phasing progressively from Intermediate goods, to Capital Goods to Consumer goods. Current Account phasing from Trade Account to Current Account.

Capital Account phasing from FDI, to Equity (NRI, FII) to Long Term Debt to Medium Term Debt.

Foreign Exchange Reform: Move from Controlled and Managed Foreign Exchange System to a Dual Exchange Rate and from there to an integrated, but Managed exchange rate. Replacement of the existing laws by a comprehensive new Foreign Exchange Management Act.

Banking & Capital Market Liberalization: Pacing of private entry with Regulatory system improvement. Balancing competition against asymmetric information and moral hazard problems.

Macro management advise on India’s BOP crisis, Latin American crisis, Asian crisis, Nuclear- related sanctions and Global financial crisis. Policy for capital inflow surges.

Advise on Sectoral reform in every Industrial, Infrastructure, Social & Service sector. 

Second Generation Reform

Personal Websites for Papers, Articles & Blogs:





Social Media links:



Media Interactions:

Sr. No. Date of Interview (DD/MM/YYYY) Channel/Institution Subject of Interview Web Link
1 31-Jan-23 India Today Economic Survey View Link
2 31-Jan-23 CNN News Union Budget 2023: A Look At The Economic Framework View Link
3 1-Feb-23 WION Budget 2023 View Link
4 1-Feb-23 Jan Ki Baat, India News Budget 2023 View Link
5 1-Feb-23 NDTV - Hindi Budget 2023 View Link
6 6-Feb-23 PTI Budget 2023 View Link
7 7-Feb-23 Economic Times Global Supply Chains View Link
8 5-Apr-23 TV9 Network Comparison of India with China & Emerging Opportunities for India View Link
9 26-Apr-23 Economic Times FTAs will help India join MNC supply chains View Link
10 26-Apr-23 PTI Economic growth, inflation View Link
11 12-May-23 Financial Express Recent Economic Development View Link
12 24-May-23 Mint HT House Indian Economy View Link
13 5-Jun-23 ETCFO India's Economic Growth View Link
14 8-Jun-23 Informist Media Pvt. Ltd. Economic Situation View Link
15 6-Jul-23 Reuters News Economy and Government Policy View Link
16 9-Aug-23 The Economic Times Trade & Investment Policy View Link
17 5-Sep-23 TV9 G20: THE ECONOMY AGENDA View Link
18 19-Sep-23 PTI Economic Growth, Inflation and Economic Reform View Link
19 21-Sep-23 Financial Express Macroeconomic issues, including Taxation and Trade pacts View Link
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Member NITI Aayog